Spring is the time for planting. Autumn is when we put things in jars. So goes the conventional wisdom, anyway, among enthusiasts of the garden lifestyle. But the reality is, one can surely plant after the summer solstice has passed. And pecks of pickles can be packed before the equinox.
A stealth window exists after solstice, when a fall garden can be planted. The days are getting shorter now, sniff, but the good news is that the havoc that lengthening days can have on plants will finally end. Now, as summer heats up, you can plant seeds, counterintuitively, for cool weather crops like radishes, spinach, lettuce, radicchio and other greens. Summer will be gone in the blink of an eye, leaving these plants robust and ready to cruise into winter — possibly with the aid of garden blankets and hoop houses and other forms of wintergreen shelter.
If you already planted your entire garden, and hadn’t allotted space for a winter patch, you can almost always squeeze a few plants in the gaps, thinking about what might soon be harvested.
Plant your seeds in wet soil, and keep them wet in the days that follow, as they sprout into little plants. Careful: if you forget to water for a day too many in the summertime heat, they could fry.
As we plant for a garden that reaches deep into winter, I recommend balancing that heroism with some early-season preservation.
I know, I know. Fall is supposed to be the time for marathon canning sessions, for steaming kettles and a kitchen full of harvest. But once you’ve got a few of those sessions under your belt, you’ll appreciate the concept of pacing oneself through the growing season. Baby steps. A few here and a few there, whenever the opportunities present themselves, will leave you in good shape by summer’s end. Canning a few jars at a time can be a quick little job you can bang out while making dinner.
My garden, bless its heart, lends itself to small batches. It is not the world’s most productive piece of ground, but it tries hard. Most of what it does produce is quickly gobbled up, and hardly any gets put up. What does comes from off-site, usually the farmers market. It’s the rhythms of the market that determine whether I’m making salsa, ratatouille, peach jam or bread and butter pickles.
These days are good for cucumber pickle making, because they are really coming on strong. At my market, the Russian cucumber growers are hauling big loads of little picklers, and they are ready to move them along at a decent price for a bulk deal.
Now, when it’s early in the canning season, you have an opportunity to figure out how you want the bulk of your pickles. Do you want Russian style (dill, horseradish leaf), or perhaps sour, which are fermented rather than pickled with acid?
One of the easiest ways to get started on the pickle path is with a simple batch of fridge pickles, which are little more than cucumbers, vinegar, sugar, salt, and perhaps dill or other herbs. As they aren’t sealed in jars or processed with heat, fridge pickles are crispier than normal pickles, and are thus a treat of summer.
The easiest way to make fridge pickles is to eat the pickles from a jar, and replace them with fresh cucumbers, whole or sliced depending on their size.
When you’re ready for something a bit more advanced, consider the recipe that was the context for my first stab at pickles, ever: bread and butter pickles from Stocking Up (Rodale), a book that has long been a go-to manual for ideas on putting up anything that grows. A jar of bread and butter pickles, once opened, will be empty in very short order, because everybody loves them and wants to eat them and put them on their sandwiches. Jars of B&B pickles, to the home economist, are like jars of bitcoins to a technologist. And you can’t eat a bitcoin.
Bread and Butter Pickles
30 medium cucumbers
10 medium onions
4 tablespoons salt
(Slice the cucumbers and onions, sprinkle with salt, and let sit for an hour. Then drain)
Meanwhile, make a spiced vinegar with the following:
5 cups vinegar
2 teaspoons celery seed
2 teaspoons ground ginger
1 teaspoon turmeric powder
2 tablespoons mustard seeds
2 cups honey
Bring the spiced vinegar to a boil. Add cucumbers and onions and bring back to the boil. Simmer ten minutes. Seal in sterilized jars. Process for ten minutes in a water bath at a simmer.