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Americans pay the highest brand-name drug prices in the world while drug companies rake in billions. Congress, the administration and Montana state legislators must take action to lower prescription drug prices.

In March, AARP launched a nationwide campaign urging federal and state policymakers to "Stop Rx Greed" by cracking down on price-gouging. AARP’s goal is to pressure our leaders to stick up for people 50-plus and find commonsense solutions that will address the root cause of unaffordable medications — the prices set by the drug companies.

The journey to lowering prescription drug costs for the average consumer and for seniors really lies with the pharmaceutical manufactures themselves. Here are some commonsense solutions to help reign in the high costs of prescription drugs both at the federal and state levels:

Allow Medicare to negotiate prescription drug prices: Every year, Medicare spends more than $129 billion annually on prescription drugs, yet it is prohibited by law from negotiating lower prices. Medicare could have saved $14.4 billion on just 50 drugs in 2016 if the program had paid the same prices as the Department of Veterans Affairs, which is allowed to bargain for discounts. A buyer and a seller negotiating for a lower price — that’s what we do in a free-market system — and it’s what we should do because it would save taxpayers and our government billions.

Improve access to lower-cost generic drugs: Brand-name drug companies purposefully slow down the availability of lower-priced generic versions of their drugs by entering into so-called “pay to play” agreements in which they pay generic drug companies to NOT produce a competing product. This is an anti-competitive practice that prevents generic drugs from reaching consumers. Congress has introduced a bill, the Creating and Restoring Equal Access to Equivalent Samples (CREATES) Act to prevent manufacturers from blocking the development of lower cost generics. Montana’s U.S. Sens. Steve Daines and Jon Tester are co-sponsors of the CREATES Act.

Price gouging: Give state attorneys general the authority to take legal action against drug manufacturers for “unconscionable” drug price increases. Beginning in 2017 several states started to give their attorney generals the authority to sue drug manufacturers who raise the prices of qualifying generic drugs to “unconscionable” levels.

State importation: A few states are looking at the importation of safe, FDA-approved and affordable drugs from Canada as a means of reducing overall state expenditures on prescription drugs.

Bulk/wholesale purchasing: Some states have begun buying prescription drugs in bulk for some residents, including Medicaid beneficiaries, state employees and retirees. And some states are joining with each other to create even larger buying pools as a way to bring down the high cost of medicines.

Prescription drug pricing transparency: Several states, including Montana, have been pursuing legislation that would require drug makers to report the reasons behind dramatic price increases in prescription drug costs. Currently, there are seven states that have enacted drug transparency laws.

After the Montana House overwhelmingly supported a transparency bill in April, the Senate voted it down on a tie vote (25 to 25), largely due to pharmaceutical lobbyist pressure. Go to the Montana state legislative website at https://leg.mt.gov/ and look up House Bill 710 to see how your state senator voted on this important cost saving piece of legislation.

No Montanan or American should be forced to choose between paying for the medicines they need and paying for food, rent or other necessities. We urge lawmakers both here in Montana and in Washington, D.C., to work together and pass bipartisan, commonsense legislation to lower prescription drug prices.

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Mike Batista is director of government affairs for AARP Montana.

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